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For main GRACE bibliography please see:

Key GRACE Group Publications on GRACE Risk Score

1. The GRACE Investigators. Rationale and design of the GRACE (Global Registry of Acute Coronary Events) Project: a multinational registry of patients hospitalized with acute coronary syndromes. Am Heart J 2001;141:190-9.

2. Granger CB, Goldberg RJ, Dabbous OH, et al. Predictors of hospital mortality in the global registry of acute coronary events. Arch Int Med 2003;163:2345-53.

3. Eagle KA, Lim MJ, Dabbous OH, et al. A validated prediction model for all forms of acute coronary syndrome:estimating the risk of 6-month post discharge death in an international registry. JAMA 2004;291:2727-33.

4. Fox KA, Dabbous OH, Goldberg RJ et al. Prediction of risk of death and myocardial infarction in the 6 months after presentation with acute coronary syndrome: prospective multinational observational study (GRACE). BMJ 2006;333:1091-4.

15. Aragam KG, Tamhane UU, Kline-Rogers E, Li J, Fox KA, Goodman SG, Eagle KA, Gurm HS. Does simplicity compromise accuracy in ACS risk prediction? A retrospective analysis of the TIMI and GRACE risk scores. PLoS One 2009;4:e7947.

16. Fox KAA, Fitzgerald G, Puymirat E, et al. Should patients with acute coronary disease be stratified for management according to their risk? Derivation, external validation and outcomes using the updated GRACE risk score. BMJ Open 2014;4(2):e004425.

Guideline Recommendations

5. Unstable angina and NSTEMI The early management of unstable angina and non-ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction. NICE guideline 94 March 2010          

6. Hamm CW, Bassand JP, Agewall S et al. Guidelines for the management of acute coronary syndromes in patients presenting without persistent ST-segment elevation. Eur Heart J 2011;32:2999-3054.

7. Jneid H, Anderson JL, Wright RS et al. 2012 ACCF/AHA Focused Update of the Guideline for the Management of patients With UA/Non-ST-Elevation Myocardial Infarction (Updating the 2007 Guideline and Replacing the 2011 Focused Update). A Report of the American College of Cardiology Foundation/American Heart Association Task Force on Practice Guidelines. Circulation 2012;126:875-910.

14. Bassand JP, Hamm C, Ardissino D. et al. Guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndromes. Eur Heart J 2007;28:1598-1660.

External Validations

8. Prognostic value of GRACE scores versus TIMI score in acute coronary syndromes. Correia LC, Freitas R, Bittencourt AP, Souza AC, Almeida MC, Leal J, Esteves JP. Arq Bras Cardiol. 2010 May;94(5):613-9.

9. TIMI, PURSUIT, and GRACE risk scores: sustained prognostic value and interaction  with revascularization in NSTE-ACS. Goncalves P, Ferreira J, Aguiar C, Seabra-Gomes R. EHJ 2005;26:865-872.

10. The use of risk scores for stratification of non-ST elevation acute coronary syndrome patients. Khalill R, Han L, Jing C, Quan H. Exp Clin Cardiol. 2009;14(2):e25-30.

11. Validation of the GRACE risk score for predicting death within 6 months of follow-up in a contemporary cohort of patients with acute coronary syndrome. Abu-Assi E, García-Acuña JM, Peña-Gil C, González-Juanatey JR.Rev Esp Cardiol. 2010 Jun;63(6):640.

12. Validity of GRACE risk score to predict the prognosis in elderly patients with acute coronary syndrome. Loutfi M. Heart Mirror J 2010;4(2) 170-177.

13. Global Registry of Acute Coronary Events (GRACE) hospital discharge risk score accurately predicts long-term mortality post acute coronary syndrome. Tang EW, Wong CK, Herbison P. Am Heart J. 2007 Jan;153(1):29-35.

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